While the IF function has been around for a while now, IFS is new to Excel. This function checks whether one or more conditions are met and then returns the value associated with the first TRUE condition. The main objective of IFS is to simplify an expression that would have previously required multiple nested IF functions.
The general format of the IFS function is
=IFS(Condition 1, Value if Condition 1 = TRUE, Condition 2, Value if Condition 2 = TRUE, Condition 3, Value if Condition 3 = TRUE)
The function can handle up to 127 different conditions, and only the first two parameters are required.
Here is an example using a sample Excel grid:
will return “Green” (the value of cell C2).
In older versions of Excel, this would be written as
Multiple nested IF functions would previously be used to accomplish the same result.
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